Double Mutant Corona Virus: what is it?
Viruses are the smallest microscopic parasite that can infect living beings and reproduce inside the host body only. They are believed to have existed before humans. Viruses and human bodies have been fighting each other for survival since the beginning. Human bodies produce antibodies and immune defenses against the virus for protection. Likewise, viruses change their genetic material for better and efficient survival in the host body. And every major change in the virus is called a mutation.
Moreover, when a virus carries two mutations in one, it is called a Double Mutant Virus. In the case of SARS-CoV-2, there is a mutation between two virus strains. This mutation is called a Double Mutant Coronavirus. This Double Mutant Coronavirus contains two significant/famous mutations and 11 other mutations as well. The main concern with the Double Mutant Coronavirus is it has a better chance of escaping the immune systems and vaccines.
What makes the virus so dangerous?
The Double Mutant Coronavirus carries significant genetic mutation from two other mutations; E484Q and L452R. These mutations are circulating across continents. Both of these mutations are known for their high infection and transmission rates.
In the case of Double Mutant Coronavirus, these two mutations (E484Q and L452R) have fused together making the virus even more infectious and dangerous. This mutant virus has two different protein spikes, unlike the original virus. This protein helps the virus attach itself to the human cells and attack the nose, throat, respiratory tract, and lungs. With the mutation, the virus can easily attach itself to the cells and multiply faster inside a host body.
Why is this virus spreading so rapidly?
Undoubtedly, this Double Mutant Coronavirus is causing havoc in India and Nepal for a few weeks now. The main reason behind this rise is the negligence of people. Before this steep surge in the cases, people were seen in several gatherings which tend to be super spreader events. One of these events is the Kumbh Mela of India, the cases started rising shortly after this event. Thousands of Nepalese who attended this event and the migrant workers who entered Nepal through the open border are supposed to be responsible for this catastrophe in Nepal.
Likewise, the opening of schools, colleges, and offices also gave this virus a space to transmit. Confined spaces without proper ventilation have more risk of spreading the virus than open spaces. Another reason is the mutation itself, making the virus easier to reach and attack the host’s body.
Will vaccine protect me against this virus?
There is not enough data and research to support this. Current COVID-19 vaccines use the spike protein of the virus to train the body to make antibodies. But if the mutation changes the shape of its protein spike significantly, the antibodies won’t be able to recognize and evade the virus effectively. This means the vaccine cannot protect you from the virus completely. Click here for detailed information.
The Double Mutant Coronavirus, first seen in India, seems to transmit faster and cause severe illness in patients. But people who have been infected before or vaccinated might only experience mild and moderate symptoms. Despite this, it is necessary to understand that the severity of this new strain might be more dangerous than expected with or without the vaccine.
The adversity of the virus in Nepal, India and the neighboring countries is difficult to handle. The health system and facilities aren’t nearly enough to contain and manage the patients. This virus has the ability to cause a severe impact on the youth and child as compared to the previous virus. The virus has brought a new condition to light, called ‘Happy Hypoxia.’ It is a condition where the blood oxygen level is low but patients do not realize or feel it until the situation gets critical. This mostly impacts the youths as their immune systems are better than the other age group. As a result, youths are now more susceptible to be harmed by the virus.
How to protect yourself from the virus?
In this scenario, taking precautions is the only way to ensure your safety and that of the people you love. While maintaining the basic rules such as social distancing, wearing masks, sanitization and eating healthy can protect yourself to a certain extent. It is recommended to get an oxymeter to regularly check the blood oxygen level even if you do not have any symptoms.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of COVID-19 like dry cough, shortness of breath, fever, etc, you can get yourself tested for COVID-19 at home. TDO Labs has a swab collection service at home with a reasonable price and good service.
The highly qualified experts at TDO labs are dedicated to your well-being. You can even have telephonic consultations and get your reports evaluated with the doctors. You can visit our website www.tdolabs.com or give us a call at 9880111000 for more details.